Structure of yeast phenylalanine tRNA genes. An intervening DNA segment within the region coding for the tRNA.
ABSTRACT: Sixteen bacterial clones containing sequences complementary to yeast PhetRNA were isolated from a collection of hybrid plasmids containing BamHI restriction endonuclease-generated yeast DNA fragments inserted in the plasmid vector pBR315. Ten of these clones contained hybrid plasmids with distinct BamHI fragments. The sequence of the Phe-tRNA structural genes and adjacent regions of three of these clones is reported here. In the region flanking the tRNA gene, the sequence of two of the cloned DNAs is similar; the sequence of the third varies considerably. All three of the tRNA genes are bordered by A,T-rich regions. In particular, near the region coding for the 3′ end of the tRNA there is a long sequence of As in the coding strand. This is reminiscent of the region of termination of transcription of the yeast 5S rRNA gene. The sequences coding for the Phe-tRNA contain an additional segment of 18 or 19 base pairs (depending upon the clone) not predicted by the yeast Phe-tRNA sequence. These intervening segments are nearly identical in the three clones and are located within the structural gene, two base pairs from the nucleotides coding for the tRNA anticodon.