Retinoic Acid Generates Regulatory T Cells in Experimental Transplantation
ABSTRACT: Regulatory T cells play a key role to inhibit effector lymphocytes, avoid, autoimmunity, and restrain allogeneic immunity. Retinoic acid is an important cofactor that stimulates the generation and expansion of regulatory T cells. Naive T cells, coincubated with allogeneic antigen-presenting cells and retinoic acid, in conjunction with transforming growth factor (TGF) β’ and interleukin (IL) 2, generated allogeneic regulatory T cells de novo. These cells were able to inhibit skin rejection in adoptive transfer experiments. The generation of regulatory T cells ex vivo with retinoic acid, TGF-β, and IL-2 represents a new step toward specific regulation of allogeneic immune responses.