Adenosine deaminase potentiates the generation of effector, memory and regulatory CD4+ T-cells.
ABSTRACT: By interacting with CD26 on the CD4+ T cell surface and with the AdoR A2B on the DC surface, ADA triggers a costimulatory signal for human T cells. The aim of this study was to know whether ADA-mediated costimulation plays a role in the differentiation of T cells. The results show that irrespective of its enzymatic activity and dependent on TNF-α, IFN-γ, and IL-6 action, ADA enhanced the differentiation of CD4+CD45RA+CD45RO⁻ naïve T cells toward CD4+CD25+CD45RO+ Teffs and CD4+CD45RA⁻CD45RO+ memory T cells. Furthermore, ADA potentiated generation of CD4+CD25high Foxp3+ Tregs by a mechanism that seems to be mainly dependent on the enzymatic activity of ADA. Interestingly, an ADA-mediated increase on Teff, memory T cell, and Treg generation occurred, not only in cocultures from healthy individuals but also from HIV-infected patients. These data suggest that ADA is a relevant modulator of CD4+ T cell differentiation, even in cells from immunologically compromised individuals.